Phase-out targets: LDV

The map displays official phase-out targets set by national and sub-national governments with the aim to end the sale or registration of internal combustion engine (ICE) light-duty vehicles. Target dates and allowed vehicle technologies (battery electric vehicles and fuel cell electric vehicles, plug-in hybrid vehicles) are differentiated by color. Color coding may differ between the interactive map and the PDF map. We update these maps quarterly. (Current status: March 2022)

As of March 2022, 18 governments have set an official target for 100% internal combustion engine light-duty vehicle phase-outs (either cars or vans, or both) by 2050 at the latest. The targets refer to new light-duty vehicle sales/registrations and, in a couple of cases, stock. This map includes the countries, states, and provinces that have set targets to only allow the sale or registration of battery electric vehicles (BEVs), fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEVs), and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs). Countries such as Japan with pledges that include hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) and mild hybrid electric vehicles (MHEVs) are excluded as these vehicles are non-plug-in hybrids.

Hover over a map region to see a tooltip with details. For more information, click on the region to view the relevant policy document. A static version of the maps is available for download below.

Policy namePolicy typePolicy statusRegulation summaryPublication year PCLCV
California 2020 Mobile Source StrategyPhaseout goalProposed100% EV share of LDV and HDV sales by 2035; 85% EV share of LDV stock and 77% EV share of MDT and HDT stock by 2045.2020YesYes
California Advanced Clean Cars (ACC) I RegulationZEV regulationIn force8% EV share of LDV sales by 2024. This policy has also been adopted by: New York, Massachusetts, Vermont, Maine, Connecticut, Rhode Island, Oregon, New Jersey, Maryland2012YesYes
California Advanced Clean Cars (ACC) II RegulationZEV regulationProposed100% EV share of LDV sales by 2035, at most 20% PHEV. Once finalized, this policy will also be adopted by: New York, Massachusetts, Vermont, Maine, Connecticut, Rhode Island, New Jersey, Maryland, Washington, Oregon, Delaware, Colorado, Minnesota, Nevada, Virginia2022YesYes
California Executive Order N-79-20Phaseout goalAdopted100% ZEV share of drayage truck stock and 100% ZEV share of LDV sales by 2035; 100% ZEV share of HDV operations where feasible by 20452020YesYes
New Jersey Senate Bill S2252/ Assembly Bill A4819Phaseout goalAdopted85% EV share of LDV sales by 20402020YesYes
New York Assembly Bill A4302Phaseout goalAdopted100% ZEV share of LDV sales by 2035; 100% ZEV share of HDV operations where feasible by 20452021YesYes
US Build Back Better ActPhaseout goalProposed50% EV share of LDV sales by 2030. Also ZEV sales of 100,000 school buses; 50,000 transit buses; 645,000 government LCV, MDT, and HDT combined by 2030.2021YesYes
Washington SB 5974 Addressing Transportation ResourcesPhaseout goalAdopted100% ZEV share of LDV sales by 20302022YesYes
British Columbia (BC) Zero Emission Vehicles Act 2019ZEV regulationIn force100% EV share of LDV sales by 2040; 10% by 2025; 30% by 20302019YesYes
Canada Building a Green EconomyPhaseout goalAdopted100% EV share of LDV sales by 20352021YesYes
Quebec Plan for a Green EconomyPhaseout goalProposed100% EV share of LDV sales by 20352020YesYes
Chile National Electromobility StrategyPhaseout goalProposed100% ZEV share of LDV sales by 20352021YesYes
Costa Rica National Decarbonization PlanPhaseout goalProposed100% ZEV share of LDV sales, 60% ZEV share of LDV stock, and 100% ZEV share of bus and taxi stock by 2050; 25% ZEV share of LDV stock and 70% ZEV share of bus and taxi stock by 20352019YesYes
Mexico National Electromobility StrategyPhaseout goalProposed100% EV share of all vehicle sales by 2050; 5% by 2030, 50% by 20402021YesYes
Austria Mobility Master PlanPhaseout goalProposed100% EV share of: LDV sales by 2030, bus sales by 2032, MDT sales by 2030, and HDT sales by 20352021YesYes
Denmark Climate and Air PlanPhaseout goalProposed100% ZEV share of public transit bus sales by 2025 and stock by 2030; 100% EV share of PC sales by 2030; 100% ZEV share of LDV sales by 20352018YesYes
European Union Clean Vehicles DirectiveZEV fleet ruleIn forceEV public procurement targets are differentiated by member state: 17.6% to 38.5% EV share of LDV sales by 2025; 6% to 10% ZEV share of MDT and HDV sales by 2025 and 7% to 15% by 2030; 24% to 45% ZEV share of bus sales by 2025 and 33% to 65% by 2030.2019YesYes
France Mobility Guidance Law Phaseout goalAdopted100% ZEV share of PC sales by 20402019YesNo
Greece Draft Climate LawPhaseout goalProposed100% EV share of LDV sales by 20302021YesYes
Italy Integrated National Energy and Climate PlanPhaseout goalProposed85% EV share of government LDV and HDV sales by 2030; 30% by 2022 and 50% by 20252019YesYes
Netherlands Looking out for each other, looking ahead to the future, 2021-2025 Coalition agreementPhaseout goalAdopted100% ZEV share of PC sales by 20302022YesNo
Netherlands National Climate AgreementPhaseout goalAdopted15,000 FCEV PC stock by 2025 and 300,000 by 2030; 50% ZEV share of taxi sales by 2025; 3,000 FCEV HDV stock by 20252019YesNo
Portugal Roadmap for Carbon Neutrality 2050Phaseout goalProposed100% EV share of PC sales by 2050; 30% by 20302019YesNo
Slovenia Market Development Strategy for the Establishment of Adequate Alternative Fuel Infrastructure in the Transport SectorPhaseout goalProposed100% EV share of LDV sales by 20302017YesYes
Spain Law on Climate Change and Energy Transition Phaseout goalAdopted100% EV share of LDV sales by 20402021YesYes
Sweden Climate Policy Action Plan Phaseout goalProposed100% EV share of PC sales by 20302019YesNo
Norway National Transport Plan 2022-2033Phaseout goalProposed100% ZEV share of LDV sales and 75% ZEV and biogas share of public transit bus sales by 2025; 75% ZEV share of coach bus sales and 50% ZEV share of MDT and HDT sales by 20302021YesYes
Iceland 2020 Climate Action Plan Phaseout goalProposed100% EV share of PC sales by 20302020YesNo
United Kingdom Transitioning to zero emission cars and vans: 2035 delivery planPhaseout goalProposed100% EV share of LDV sales by 2030; 100% share of ZEV only sales of LDV by 20352021YesYes
Cabo Verde Electric Mobility Policy Charter Phaseout goalProposed100% EV sales share for government vehicles by 2025, taxis by 2030, and private PCs and HDVs by 2035. Sets interim EV sales share targets for 2025 and 2030 and a target of 100% EV stock by 2050.2019YesYes
Israel Energy Economy Objectives for the Year 2030Phaseout goalProposed100% EV share of LDV sales by 2030; 5% by 2022, 23% by 2025, 61% by 2028.2018YesYes
China New Energy Vehicle Industry Development Plan (2021-2035)Phaseout goalProposed20% EV share of all vehicle sales by 20252020YesYes
Hainan’s Clean Energy Vehicle Development Plan Phaseout goalProposed100% ZEV share of: taxi stock by 2020, coach bus sales by 2024, public transit bus sales by 2025, ridesharing/rental cars/LCV stock by 2030, and private car sales by 2030; 50% ZEV share of sanitation truck sales by 20302019YesYes
Hong Kong Popularization of Electric Vehicles Road MapPhaseout goalProposed100% EV share of private PC sales by 20352021YesNo
Taiwan 2040 PlanPhaseout goalProposed100% EV share of private PC sales by 2040; 30% by 2030, 60% by 20352022YesNo
Delhi Electric Vehicles Policy 2020Phaseout goalProposed25% ZEV share of all vehicle sales by 20242020YesYes
India Passenger Car ZEV Sales TargetPhaseout goalProposed30% ZEV share of PC sales by 20302021YesNo
Japan 2050 Carbon Neutral Green Growth StrategyPhaseout goalProposed100% EV and HEV share of PC sales by 20352020YesNo
Japan Strategic Commission for the New Era of Automobiles ReportPhaseout goalProposed73% EV and HEV share of PC sales by 2030: 30% EV, 40% HEV, and 3% FCEV2019YesNo
Pakistan National Electric Vehicles Policy Phaseout goalProposed90% EV share of all vehicle sales by 20402019YesYes
Singapore Green Plan 2030 Phaseout goalProposed100% EV share of PC sales by 20302021YesNo
Singapore Land Transport Master PlanPhaseout goalProposed100% EV share of public transit bus and taxi stock by 20402019YesNo
South Korea Passenger Car ZEV Sales TargetPhaseout goalProposed33% EV share of PC sales by 20302019YesNo
Glasgow DeclarationPhaseout goalProposed100% share of ZEV sales of LDV by 2040; 100% by 2035 for "Leading Markets". Signed by the following national governments: Armenia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belgium, Canada, Cabo Verde, Chile, Croatia, Cyprus, Denmark, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Finland, Ghana, Iceland, India, Ireland, Israel, Kenya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Mexico, Morocco, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Paraguay, Poland, Rwanda, Slovenia, Sweden, The Holy See, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom2021YesYes