2024 – 2025
A rapid global transition to zero-emission vehicles is vital to meet the goals of the Paris Agreement.
Road transport accounts for about 21% of global energy-related carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions, and total emissions from the sector are still growing. A rapid global transition to ZEVs, alongside other measures, can play an important role in aligning the transport sector with the Paris Agreement objective of limiting warming to well below 2°C and keeping 1.5°C within reach. While ZEV uptake is growing, we must continue to increase the pace of the global transition to meet our Paris Agreement goals and advance the Road Transport Breakthrough 2030 goal: ‘to make zero emission vehicles the new normal by making them affordable, accessible, and sustainable in all regions by 2030.’
An accelerated ZEV transition offers the potential for numerous benefits beyond greenhouse gas reductions. If managed well, the transition can create opportunities for jobs and growth, lower costs for drivers, improve air and reduce other environmental pollution with benefits for public health, and can help balance electricity grids as we make the transition to clean power. However, realizing these benefits will require collaboration and planning among leading governments and the private sector.
Progress in 2023
Over the course of the past year, the global ZEV transition has continued to accelerate.
- The global fleet of ZEVs continues to grow. By September 2023, 38 million light-duty EVs (ZEVs and PHEVs) and 1 million medium- and heavy-duty ZEVs (including 900,000 buses and 100,000 trucks) had been sold worldwide.
- Over 1.2 million public charging points have been installed worldwide through the first half of 2023, with 15% of them being high-power DC chargers.
- 13% of new light-duty vehicles sold in ZEVTC jurisdictions in the first half of 2023 were zero-emission, with an additional 5% being plug-in hybrid.