Phase-out targets: HDV

Verified on 13 March 2024

Phase Out Map

The map displays official phase-out targets set by national and sub-national governments to end the sale, or registration of medium- and heavy-duty internal combustion engine (ICE) trucks. More than 15 governments have their own targets, in addition to 33 governments joining the Global HDV MoU.

Source: ICCT research; please see the table below for further information.

Summary of ICE truck phaseout policies and ZEV truck phase-in policies

California Advanced Clean Fleets (ACF) RegulationZEV fleet ruleadopted50% ZEV share of HDV sales for public fleets by 2024 and 100% by 2027; 100% ZEV share of drayage truck stock by 2035; 100% ZEV share of high priority private and federal fleet stock by 2035; 100% ZEV share of HDV sales across all segments by 2036.2023
US Multistate NESCAUM MOUphaseout goalproposed30% ZEV share of HDV sales by 2030 and 100% by 2050. Applicable to: California, Colorado, Connecticut, Hawaii, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Jersey, New York, Nevada, North Carolina, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Quebec, Rhode Island, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, and the District of Columbia2022
Austria Mobility Master Planphaseout goalproposed100% EV share of: LDV sales by 2030, bus sales by 2032, MDT sales by 2030, and HDT sales by 20352021
European Union Clean Vehicles DirectiveZEV fleet rulein forceEV public procurement targets are differentiated by member state: 17.6% to 38.5% EV share of LDV sales by 2025; 6% to 10% ZEV share of MDT and HDV sales by 2025 and 7% to 15% by 2030; 24% to 45% ZEV share of bus sales by 2025 and 33% to 65% by 2030.2019
France Hydrogen Roadmap and Industrial Developmentphaseout goalproposed5,000 FCEV LDV stock by 2023 and 20,000 to 50,000 by 2028; 200 FCEV HDV stock by 2023 and 2,000 by 20282019
Chile National Electromobility Strategyphaseout goaladopted100% ZEV share of LDV and public transit bus sales by 2035; All HDV sales to be ZEVs by 2045; 40% share of EVs in passenger LDV stock by 2050.2021
Italy Integrated National Energy and Climate Planphaseout goalproposed85% EV share of government LDV and HDV sales by 2030; 30% by 2022 and 50% by 20252019
Netherlands National Climate Agreementphaseout goaladopted15,000 FCEV PC stock by 2025 and 300,000 by 2030; 50% ZEV share of taxi sales by 2025; 3,000 FCEV HDV stock by 20252019
Spain Integrated National Energy and Climate Change Plan 2021-2030phaseout goalproposed5 million EV stock by 20302019
Norway National Transport Plan 2022-2033phaseout goalproposed100% ZEV share of LDV sales and 75% ZEV and biogas share of public transit bus sales by 2025; 75% ZEV share of coach bus sales and 50% ZEV share of MDT and HDT sales by 20302021
Cabo Verde Electric Mobility Policy Charter phaseout goalproposed15% share of Evs in medium truck sales by 2025, 35% by 2030 and 100% by 2035; 25% share of Evs in heavy truck sales by 2030 and 100% by 2035.2019
China New Energy Vehicle Industry Development Plan (2021-2035)phaseout goalproposed20% EV share of all vehicle sales by 20252020
Hainan’s Clean Energy Vehicle Development Plan phaseout goalproposed100% ZEV share of: taxi stock by 2020, coach bus sales by 2024, public transit bus sales by 2025, ridesharing/rental cars/LCV stock by 2030, and private car sales by 2030; 50% ZEV share of sanitation truck sales by 20302019
Delhi Electric Vehicles Policy 2020phaseout goalproposed25% ZEV share of all vehicle sales by 20242020
Pakistan National Electric Vehicles Policy phaseout goalproposed90% EV share of all vehicle sales by 20402019
South Korea Hydrogen Economy Roadmapphaseout goalproposed6,200,000 FCEV PC sales (including 2,900,000 domestic sales), 80,000 FCEV taxi stock, and 70,000 FCEV HDV stock by 20402019
United Kingdom A New Road Vehicle CO2 Emissions Regulatory Frameworkphaseout goalproposed100% ZEV share of HDT sales by 2040 and MDT sales by 20352022
Finland Roadmap for Fossil-free Transportphaseout goalproposed745,000 ZEV LDV stock (700,000 PC and rest LCV) and 4,600 ZEV HDV stock by 20302021
US Build Back Better Actphaseout goalproposed50% EV share of LDV sales by 2030. Also ZEV sales of 100,000 school buses; 50,000 transit buses; 645,000 government LCV, MDT, and HDT combined by 2030. 100% Sales of Federal Government HDVs by 2035 and LDVs by 2027.2021
China 14th Five-Year Development Plan for Green Transportationphaseout goaladopted72% share of NEVs in national urban public transport and 20% in logistics distribution by 20252022
14th Five-Year Plan for Ecological Environmental Protection in Tianjinphaseout goaladopted25% of new passenger LDV sales to be NEVs. 80% NEVs in public transport, rental, logistics and delivery vehicles sales by 2025.2022
Beijing Hydrogen Energy Industry Development Implementation Plan (2021-2025)phaseout goaladopted10,000 FCEVs stock by 20252021
Chandigarh Draft Electric Vehicle Policy, 2022phaseout goalproposed50% of passenger vehicle sales and 100% of commercial vehicle sales are electric within 5 years.2022
Haryana Electric Vehicle Policy Draft phaseout goalproposed100% of state-owned bus stock to be electric buses by 2029. 100% ZEV commercial and logistic vehicles stock by 2030. 100% of government vehicles stock to electric cars by 2024.2022
Global HDV MOUphaseout goalproposed30% share of ZEV HDV sales by 2030 and 100% by 2040. Signed by the following national governments: Aruba, Austria, Belgium, Canada, Cape Verde, Chile, Colombia, Croatia, Curacao, Denmark, Dominican Republic, Finland, Iceland, Ghana, Ireland, Israel, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Papua New Guinea, Portugal, Scotland, Sint Maarten, Switzerland, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States, Uruguay, Wales2021
Green Master Technology Plan Malaysia 2017-2030phaseout goalproposed100% (electrified, CNG, LPG or biofuel-fuelled vehicle) LDV stock for all private transport by 2030 and 40% in public transport (HDV and LDV).2018
Sri Lanka Blue-Green Economyphaseout goalproposed100% of LDVs to be electrified by 2040. All state-owned vehicles to be electric by 2025 (across all modes).2018
EU Sustainable and Smart Mobility Strategyphaseout goalproposed30 million passenger ZEV stock by 2030 and nearly all passenger LDV and heavy commercial vehicle stock by 2050.2020
Netherlands Plan of Approach: towards a zero-emission vehicle fleetZEV fleet ruleproposed100% share of ZEVs in sales of vehicles in the cleaning industry (i.e., garbage trucks, sweepers)] by 2030.2020
Canadian 2030 Emissions Reduction Planphaseout goaladopted35% ZEV M/HDV sales by 2030, 100% by 2040 (for a subset of vehicle types based on feasibility).2021
Colombia National Strategy for Electric Mobilityphaseout goalproposed600 000 EV stock across all modes (LDV, MC, bus, MDV) by 2030.2019
California Advanced Clean Trucks Regulation ZEV regulationadopted55% ZEV share of Class 2b-3 sales; 40% ZEV share of Class 7-8 tractor sales; and 75% ZEV share of Class 4-6 and Class 7-8 (except tractors) sales by 2035. This policy has also been adopted by: Colorado, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Oregon, Rhode Island, Vermont and Washington. Considering adopting: Maine2021
China MEE EV Policyphaseout goalproposed50% share of EV sales for all vehicles by 2030 across "key polluting regions"2022
US EPA Phase III GHG Standards for HDV: ZEV projectionsphaseout goalproposedNew ZEV sales of: Vocational vehicles and buses - 50% by 2032 (starting from 20% in 2027), Short-haul tractors - 35% by 2032 (10% in 2027), Long-haul tractors - 25% by 2032 (first intermediate target: 10% in 2030)2023
Zero Emissions Government Fleet Declaration ZEV fleet ruleproposedThe pledge goal is 100% zero-emission LDV acquisitions of civil government owned and operated fleet with aspirations for 100% zero-emission M/HDV acquisitions, by no later than 2035. 2022
Ireland Climate Action Plan 2023 phaseout goaladopted100% EV share of new passenger car sales by 2030; 845,000 passenger car EV stock target by 2030; 30% share of new zero-emission heavy duty vehicle sales by 2030; 1,500 EV public service obligation buses by 20302023
Cuban State Fleet Electrification Targetsphaseout goalproposed45% of the total vehicle fleet in the country's state sector to be electric by 20302021
Laos Government Electric Vehicle Goalsphaseout goalproposedEVs to make up 30% of vehicle stock by 20302023
Mexico National Electromobility Strategyphaseout goalproposedDeployment of 338,000 electric HDVs by 2030; 894,000 by 2040; and 987,000 by 20502023
EV Policy Draft for Papua New Guineaphaseout goalproposed15% share of EVs in all new vehicle sales by 20302022
Policy Roadmap for E-Mobility in Solomon Islandsphaseout goalproposedEV sales share target of 5% by 2025; 10% by 2030; 15% by 20352022
Argentina Bill for the Promotion of Sustainable Mobilityphaseout goalproposedBan on sale of new ICE vehicles from 2041.2021
Vietnam Action Program on Green Energyphaseout goalproposed100% of road transport using electricity and green energy by 20502022
Bangladesh Mujib Climate Prosperity Planphaseout goalproposedShift at least 30% of the newly registered transportation fleet to electric by 20302022

The table contains additional phaseout policies compared to those in the map, including firm regulations.