Phase-out targets: HDV

Verified on 09/30/2022

Interactive map

The map displays official phase-out targets set by national and sub-national governments to end the sale, or registration of medium- and heavy-duty internal combustion engine (ICE) trucks. Target dates are indicated by color. We update these maps quarterly. (Current status: September 2022)

Around 8 governments have set ambitious ICE truck phaseout targets, targeting at least 40% sales of electric trucks by 2050. The targets refer to new medium- and heavy-duty truck sales/registrations/procurements and, in a couple of cases, stock.

Hover over a map region to see a tooltip with details. For more information, click on the region to view the relevant policy document. Static versions of the maps are available for download below. Color coding may differ between the interactive map and the PDF map.

Source: ICCT Research, please see the table below for further information.

Table: Summary of ICE truck phaseout policies

Policy namePolicy typeStatusSummaryLinkPublication date
California 2020 Mobile Source Strategyphaseout goalproposed100% EV share of LDV and HDV sales by 2035; 85% EV share of LDV stock and 77% EV share of MDT and HDT stock by 2045.https://ww2.arb.ca.gov/sites/default/files/2021-12/2020_Mobile_Source_Strategy.pdf2020
California Advanced Clean Fleets (ACF) RegulationZEV fleet ruleproposed50% ZEV share of HDV sales for public fleets by 2024 and 100% by 2027; 100% ZEV share of drayage truck stock by 2035; 100% ZEV share of high priority private and federal fleet stock by 2035–2042; 100% ZEV share of HDV sales across all segments by 2040.https://ww2.arb.ca.gov/sites/default/files/2022-04/220502acfdraft100zevsales_ADA.pdf2022
California Advanced Clean Trucks RegulationZEV regulationin force55% ZEV share of Class 2b-3 sales; 40% ZEV share of Class 7-8 tractor sales; and 75% ZEV share of Class 4-6 and Class 7-8 (except tractors) sales by 2035. This policy has also been considered for adoption by: Massachusetts, New Jersey, New York, Oregon, Washingtonhttps://www.transportpolicy.net/standard/california-heavy-duty-zev/2021
California Executive Order N-79-20phaseout goaladopted100% ZEV share of drayage truck stock and 100% ZEV share of LDV sales by 2035; 100% ZEV share of HDV operations where feasible by 2045https://www.gov.ca.gov/2020/09/23/governor-newsom-announces-california-will-phase-out-gasoline-powered-cars-drastically-reduce-demand-for-fossil-fuel-in-californias-fight-against-climate-change/2020
New York Assembly Bill A4302phaseout goaladopted100% ZEV share of LDV sales by 2035; 100% ZEV share of HDV operations where feasible by 2045https://www.nysenate.gov/legislation/bills/2021/A43022021
China New Energy Vehicle Industry Development Plan (2021-2035)phaseout goalproposed20% EV share of all vehicle sales by 2025http://www.gov.cn/zhengce/content/2020-11/02/content_5556716.htm2020
US Multistate NESCAUM MOUphaseout goalproposed30% ZEV share of HDV sales by 2030 and 100% by 2050. Applicable to: California, Colorado, Connecticut, Hawaii, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Jersey, New York, Nevada, North Carolina, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Quebec, Rhode Island, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, and the District of Columbiahttps://www.nescaum.org/documents/mhdv-zev-mou-20220329.pdf/2022
Mexico National Electromobility Strategyphaseout goalproposed100% EV share of all vehicle sales by 2050; 5% by 2030, 50% by 2040https://www.conuee.gob.mx/transparencia/boletines/transporte/19ForodeEEeT/1_Semarnat.pdf2021
Austria Mobility Master Planphaseout goalproposed100% EV share of: LDV sales by 2030, bus sales by 2032, MDT sales by 2030, and HDT sales by 2035https://www.bmk.gv.at/en/topics/mobility/mobilitymasterplan2030.html2021
European Union Clean Vehicles DirectiveZEV fleet rulein forceEV public procurement targets are differentiated by member state: 17.6% to 38.5% EV share of LDV sales by 2025; 6% to 10% ZEV share of MDT and HDV sales by 2025 and 7% to 15% by 2030; 24% to 45% ZEV share of bus sales by 2025 and 33% to 65% by 2030.https://transport.ec.europa.eu/transport-themes/clean-transport-urban-transport/clean-and-energy-efficient-vehicles/clean-vehicles-directive_en2019
Italy Integrated National Energy and Climate Planphaseout goalproposed85% EV share of government LDV and HDV sales by 2030; 30% by 2022 and 50% by 2025https://www.mise.gov.it/images/stories/documenti/it_final_necp_main_en.pdf2019
Netherlands National Climate Agreementphaseout goaladopted15,000 FCEV PC stock by 2025 and 300,000 by 2030; 50% ZEV share of taxi sales by 2025; 3,000 FCEV HDV stock by 2025https://english.rvo.nl/sites/default/files/2020/10/National%20Climate%20Agreement%20The%20Netherlands%20-%20English_0.pdf2019
Norway National Transport Plan 2022-2033phaseout goalproposed100% ZEV share of LDV sales and 75% ZEV and biogas share of public transit bus sales by 2025; 75% ZEV share of coach bus sales and 50% ZEV share of MDT and HDT sales by 2030https://www.regjeringen.no/contentassets/117831ad96524b9b9eaadf72d88d3704/en-gb/pdfs/stm202020210020000engpdfs.pdf2021
United Kingdom A New Road Vehicle CO2 Emissions Regulatory
Framework
phaseout goaladopted100% ZEV share of HDV sales by 2040https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/1067018/outcome-and-government-response-to-the-green-paper-on-a-new-road-vehicle-co2-emissions-regulatory-framework-for-the-uk.pdf2021
Cabo Verde Electric Mobility Policy Charterphaseout goalproposed100% EV sales share for government vehicles by 2025, taxis by 2030, and private PCs and HDVs by 2035. Sets interim EV sales share targets for 2025 and 2030 and a target of 100% EV stock by 2050.http://tda-mobility.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/04/Cabo-Verde-Electric-Mobility-Policy-Chapter.pdf2019
Hainan’s Clean Energy Vehicle Development Planphaseout goalproposed100% ZEV share of: taxi stock by 2020, coach bus sales by 2024, public transit bus sales by 2025, ridesharing/rental cars/LCV stock by 2030, and private car sales by 2030; 50% ZEV share of sanitation truck sales by 2030https://www.hainan.gov.cn/hainan/xnyzcwj/201907/cb9368c30a0f42e7a4cae7dad6651a09.shtml2019
Delhi Electric Vehicles Policy 2020phaseout goalproposed25% ZEV share of all vehicle sales by 2024https://transport.delhi.gov.in/sites/default/files/All-PDF/Delhi_Electric_Vehicles_Policy_2020.pdf2020
Pakistan National Electric Vehicles Policyphaseout goalproposed90% EV share of all vehicle sales by 2040https://rise.esmap.org/data/files/library/pakistan/Energy%20Efficiency/Pakistan_Draft%20EV%20Policy%20Pakistan_2019.pdf2019
Global HDV MOUphaseout goalproposed30% share of ZEV HDV sales by 2030 and 100% by 2040. Signed by the following national governments: Austria, Canada, Chile, Denmark, Finland, Luxembourg, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Switzerland, Turkey, United Kingdom (including Scotland and Wales separately), Uruguayhttps://globaldrivetozero.org/MOU-nations/2021
Netherlands Plan of Approach: towards a zero-emission vehicle fleetZEV fleet ruleproposed100% share of ZEVs in sales of vehicles in the cleaning industry (i.e., garbage trucks, sweepers)] by 2030.https://rwsduurzamemobiliteit.nl/publicaties/convenant-presentatie-duurzame-voertuigen/2020
Chile National Electromobility Strategyphaseout goalproposedAll HDV sales to be ZEVs by 2045.https://www.gob.cl/en/news/national-electromobility-strategy-launch-government-announces-only-electric-vehicles-will-be-sold-chile-2035/2021
China 14th Five-Year Development Plan for Green Transportationphaseout goaladopted72% share of NEVs in national urban public transport and 20% in logistics distribution by 2025http://www.gov.cn/zhengce/zhengceku/2022-01/21/content_5669662.htm2021
Tianjin 14th Five-Year Plan for Ecological Environmental Protectionphaseout goaladopted25% of new passenger LDV sales to be NEVs. 80% NEVs in public transport, rental, logistics and delivery vehicles sales by 2025.http://www.tj.gov.cn/zwgk/szfwj/tjsrmzfbgt/202201/t20220117_5781111.html2021
Chandigarh Draft Electric Vehicle Policy, 2022phaseout goalproposed50% of passenger vehicle sales and 100% of commercial vehicle sales are electric within 5 years.https://www.transportpolicy.net/wp-content/uploads/2019/09/Chandigarh-EV-policy-2022.pdf2022
Haryana Draft Electric Vehicle Policyphaseout goalproposed100% of state-owned bus stock to be electric buses by 2029. 100% ZEV commercial and logistic vehicles stock by 2030. 100% of government vehicles stock to electric cars by 2024.https://haryanatransport.gov.in/sites/default/files/Electric Vehicle Policy_2.pdf2021
Canada 2030 Emissions Reduction Planphaseout goaladopted35% ZEV M/HDV sales by 2030, 100% by 2040 (for a subset of vehicle types based on feasibility).https://www.canada.ca/content/dam/eccc/documents/pdf/climate-change/erp/Canada-2030-Emissions-Reduction-Plan-eng.pdf2022
Colombia National Strategy for Electric Mobilityphaseout goalproposed600,000 EV stock across all modes (LDV, MC, bus, MDV) by 2030.https://www1.upme.gov.co/DemandaEnergetica/ENME.pdf2019

The table contains additional phaseout policies compared to those in the map, including firm regulations.