Demand side ZEV rules: Fleet purchase

Verified on 5 December 2023

ZEV regulations pertaining to public procurement and fleet purchase of LDVs and HDVs

Policy NamePolicy StatusPolicy SummaryPublication YearPCLCVBusMDTHDT
California Advanced Clean Fleets (ACF) Regulationadopted50% ZEV share of HDV sales for public fleets by 2024 and 100% by 2027; 100% ZEV share of drayage truck stock by 2035; 100% ZEV share of high priority private and federal fleet stock by 2035; 100% ZEV share of HDV sales across all segments by 2036.2022NoNoYesYesYes
California Innovative Clean Transit (ICT) regulationin force100% ZEV share of transit bus stock by 2040; 100% ZEV share of transit bus sales by 2029; Large transit agencies: 25% ZEV share of transit bus sales by 2023 and 50% by 2026; Small transit agencies: 25% ZEV share of transit bus sales by 2026.2019NoNoYesNoNo
Colombia Bill No. 1964 to promote electric vehiclesin force100% ZEV share of public transit bus sales by 2035; 10% by 2025; 20% by 2027; 40% by 2029; 60% by 2031; 80% by 20332019NoNoYesNoNo
European Union Clean Vehicles Directivein forceEV public procurement targets are differentiated by member state: 17.6% to 38.5% EV share of LDV sales by 2025; 6% to 10% ZEV share of MDT and HDV sales by 2025 and 7% to 15% by 2030; 24% to 45% ZEV share of bus sales by 2025 and 33% to 65% by 2030.2019YesYesYesYesYes
Israel Public Bus Purchase Schemeadopted100% ZEV share of public transit bus sales by 2026; 30% by 2024, 50% by 20252022NoNoYesNoNo
China National Development and Reform Commission of the Ministry of Transport on Issuing the Action Plan for Creating Green Travel (Green Mobility Action Plan)proposed50% ZEV share of public transit bus stock by 2022; 80% sales by 20202020NoNoYesNoNo
New Zealand Public Transport Decarbonizationproposed100% ZEV share of public transit bus sales by 2025 and stock by 20352021NoNoYesNoNo
Netherlands Plan of Approach: towards a zero-emission vehicle fleetproposed100% share of ZEVs in sales of vehicles in the cleaning industry (i.e., garbage trucks, sweepers)] by 2030.2020NoNoNoYesYes
Electromobility Development Plan in Polandproposed50% share of EVs in public institution fleets by 2025.2018YesYesYesYesYes
Ireland Climate Action Plan 2023 adopted1,500 EV public service obligation buses by 20302023NoNoYesNoNo
Seychelles Electric Mobility Projectproposed100% of public bus stock to be EV by 20502022NoNoYesNoNo
Government of Tamil Nadu Electric Vehicles Policyproposed30% of public transit bus stock to be electric by 20302023NoNoYesNoNo
Zero Emissions Government Fleet Declaration proposedThe pledge goal is 100% zero-emission LDV acquisitions of civil government owned and operated fleet with aspirations for 100% zero-emission M/HDV acquisitions, by no later than 20352022YesYesYesYesYes
Queensland new ZEV strategyproposed100% of eligible government fleet passenger vehicles to be zero emission by 20262022YesNoNoNoNo

Source: ICCT research