Demand side ZEV rules: Fleet purchase

Verified on 28 Aug 2023

ZEV regulations pertaining to public procurement and fleet purchase of LDVs and HDVs

Policy NamePolicy StatusPolicy SummaryPublication YearPCLCVBusMDTHDT
California Advanced Clean Fleets (ACF) Regulationadopted50% ZEV share of HDV sales for public fleets by 2024 and 100% by 2027; 100% ZEV share of drayage truck stock by 2035; 100% ZEV share of high priority private and federal fleet stock by 2035; 100% ZEV share of HDV sales across all segments by 2036.2022NoNoYesYesYes
California Innovative Clean Transit (ICT) regulationin force100% ZEV share of transit bus stock by 2040; 100% ZEV share of transit bus sales by 2029; Large transit agencies: 25% ZEV share of transit bus sales by 2023 and 50% by 2026; Small transit agencies: 25% ZEV share of transit bus sales by 2026.2019NoNoYesNoNo
Colombia Bill No. 1964 to promote electric vehiclesin force100% ZEV share of public transit bus sales by 2035; 10% by 2025; 20% by 2027; 40% by 2029; 60% by 2031; 80% by 20332019NoNoYesNoNo
European Union Clean Vehicles Directivein forceEV public procurement targets are differentiated by member state: 17.6% to 38.5% EV share of LDV sales by 2025; 6% to 10% ZEV share of MDT and HDV sales by 2025 and 7% to 15% by 2030; 24% to 45% ZEV share of bus sales by 2025 and 33% to 65% by 2030.2019YesYesYesYesYes
Israel Public Bus Purchase Schemeadopted100% ZEV share of public transit bus sales by 2026; 30% by 2024, 50% by 20252022NoNoYesNoNo
China National Development and Reform Commission of the Ministry of Transport on Issuing the Action Plan for Creating Green Travel (Green Mobility Action Plan)proposed50% ZEV share of public transit bus stock by 2022; 80% sales by 20202020NoNoYesNoNo
New Zealand Public Transport Decarbonizationproposed100% ZEV share of public transit bus sales by 2025 and stock by 20352021NoNoYesNoNo
Netherlands Plan of Approach: towards a zero-emission vehicle fleetproposed100% share of ZEVs in sales of vehicles in the cleaning industry (i.e., garbage trucks, sweepers)] by 2030.2020NoNoNoYesYes
Electromobility Development Plan in Polandproposed50% share of EVs in public institution fleets by 2025.2018YesYesYesYesYes
Ireland Climate Action Plan 2023 adopted1,500 EV public service obligation buses by 20302023NoNoYesNoNo
Seychelles Electric Mobility Projectproposed100% of public bus stock to be EV by 20502022NoNoYesNoNo
Government of Tamil Nadu Electric Vehicles Policyproposed30% of public transit bus stock to be electric by 20302023NoNoYesNoNo
Zero Emissions Government Fleet Declaration proposedThe pledge goal is 100% zero-emission LDV acquisitions of civil government owned and operated fleet with aspirations for 100% zero-emission M/HDV acquisitions, by no later than 20352022YesYesYesYesYes
Queensland new ZEV strategyproposed100% of eligible government fleet passenger vehicles to be zero emission by 20262022YesNoNoNoNo

Source: ICCT research