Charging infrastructure policies
Verified on 5 December 2023
Summary of key charging infrastructure policy developments in major markets since August 2022
|Inflation Reduction Act
|Earmarks $1.7 billion in tax credits for installing charging and refueling stations until 2031, covers up to 30% of purchase and installation costs of commercial and residential EV chargers. Subsidizes chargers placed in low-income or rural communities and increases the credit for businesses that meet wage and apprenticeship requirements.
|California Climate Commitment
|Approves $3 billion funding to building accessible charging stations for communities throughout the state.
|National Electric Vehicle Infrastructure Formula Program Fiscal Year 2022
|Completes first round of funding for the $5 billion program, approving plans to commit $615 million in funding to US states, DC and Puerto Rico - which is expected to cover 75,820 miles of EV charging corridors
|2022-2023 Investment Plan
|California Energy Commission (CEC) announced $2.9 billion investment plan to support deployment of EV charging and hydrogen fueling stations. This fund will be sufficient to install 90,000 EV chargers in California, more than double 80,000 chargers installed today. With additional funding from utilities and other programs, it will support the state’s goal to deploy 250,000 chargers by 2025.
|Charging Infrastructure Master Plan II
|Cabinet approves the plan. The €6.3 billion plan targets deployment of 1 million charging stations by 2030, up from around 70,000 at present. It also plans to charging gaps in rural areas, buildings, and heavy-duty vehicles, as well as grid load management, accelerating state approval process for charging deployment and mobilizing private investment.
|Guidelines and Standards for Charging Infrastructure
|The Ministry of Power revised 2018 guidelines to support accelerated deployment of EVs and ensure affordable charging for small entrepreneurs, prepare electrical distribution systems and details of requirement for public charging for long-haul HDVs.
|FAME Phase II funding for 7432 public fast charging stations
|The Union Minister of Heavy Industries announced Rs. 800 crores in funding to deploy 7,432 public fast-charging stations with a capacity of 50 kW or above across the country by March 2024, up from 6,586 charging stations installed today. Up to 80% of upstream infrastructure costs will be covered by the new scheme.
|Made-in-America National Network of Electric Vehicle Chargers
|Department of Transportation (DOT) and Department of Energy (DOE) finalized standards for EV charging for everyone. All EV chargers must be built in the US to be eligible for Infrastructure Law funding, and by July 2024, and at least 55% of the cost of all components need to be manufactured domestically. DOE announced $7.4 million in funding to seven projects for medium- and heavy-duty EV charging and hydrogen corridor infrastructure. FHWA released details for Charging and Fueling Infrastructure (CFI) discretionary grant program, which will grant $2.5 billion over the next five years.
|Alternative Fuel Infrastructure Regulation
|The EU Commission, the European Parliament, and the Council of the European Union agreed on a compromise for the AFIR, which was initially proposed in 2021. It sets for the first time a legally binding national and EU-wide target for the deployment of public charging infrastructure for LDVs and HDVs. For passenger cars and vans, EU member states need to deploy fast-charging stations at least every 60 km in core roads by 2025. For trucks and buses, fast charging stations needs to be deployed at least every 120 km by 2025, growing to 100% by 2030.
|£380.8 million funding to Local Electric Vehicle Infrastructure Fund (LEVI)
|LEVI funding will support local authorities to accelerate the rollout of charging infrastructure in areas where it is most needed. A further £343 million Capital Fund targets areas with lower public charging and limited off-street parking options. Another £37.8 million Capability Fund will be available to help local governments to plan and deliver charging infrastructure.
|European Union & United States
|Joint Statement EU-US Trade and Technology Council
|This statement includes a shared vision on a standard for charging electric heavy-duty vehicles and technical guidance for public-funded EV charging infrastructure deployment. Both parties agree to work towards compatible physical connectors and a common vehicle-to-grid communication interface.
|SB233- Electric vehicles and electric vehicle supply equipment: bidirection capability
|All new electric vehicles sold in California will be required to be capable of bidirectional charging starting from 2027 unless exempted by the state board.
|Society of Automotive Engineered standard for NACS Connectors
|The North America Charging Standard (NACS), developed by Tesla and made public in late 2022, has been adopted by an increasing number of automakers and charging station operators. As a result, the Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) International has decided to standardize this connector. There are now three main types of DC Fast charging standards in the world: CCS-2 in Europe, NACS in tNorth America (formerly called Tesla charger), and GB/T in China.
|Biden-Harris Administration Driving Forward on Convenient, Reliable, Made-in-American National Network of Electric Vehicle Chargers
|The Biden administration then released a press statement allowing federally funded fast chargers to include NACS connectors (in addition to CCS).
|New funding for charging infrastructure
|German Federal Minister of Digital and Transport announced the start of 2 programs. The first one dedicates €500M to the promotion of self-electricity power supply when charging in private residential buildings through the combined promotion of charging station, photovoltaic systems, and storage. The second one totals €400M and targets fast charging infrastructure and their connection to the grid.
|The Alternative Fuel Infrastructure Regulation
|The EU council formally adopted the AFIR on September 13th, 2023 and will apply from April 13th, 2024. For passenger cars and vans, EU member states will be rquired to install fast charging stations every 60km along the EU’s main transport cooridors of the Trans-European Transport Netwrok (TEN-T) from 2025. For trucks and buses, 15% of the TEN-T must be equipped with fast charging stations every 120 km by 2025, growing to 50% by 2027 and 100% by 2030. It includes requirements on user-friendliness and asks Member States to share national charging infrastructure strategies by the end of 2024 and report on its implementation every two years starting in 2027.
|The Public Charge Point Regulations 2023
|The government released a set of laws on public charge point reliability. It includes uptime, price transparency, payment methods requirements, and mandatory live status updates. This regulation is key to ensure seamless EV travel within the UK, thus convincing drivers to make the switch to an electric vehicle.
|Deployment of Charging Stations on the way to 2030
|The government has set the goal of 7 million chargers in 2030, including 400k public ones with 50k DC chargers. To this end, it unveiled new measures to deploy charging stations on October 27th, with an additional €200 million over the period 2024-2027 – on top of the €320 million already allocated for 2016-2023.
Source: Compiled by ICCT research