Charging infrastructure policies

Verified on 13 March 2024

Summary of key charging infrastructure policy developments in major markets since August 2022

MarketPolicy nameDatePolicy summary
United StatesInflation Reduction ActAugust 2022Earmarks $1.7 billion in tax credits for installing charging and refueling stations until 2031, covers up to 30% of purchase and installation costs of commercial and residential EV chargers. Subsidizes chargers placed in low-income or rural communities and increases the credit for businesses that meet wage and apprenticeship requirements.
CaliforniaCalifornia Climate CommitmentSeptember 2022Approves $3 billion funding to building accessible charging stations for communities throughout the state. 
United StatesNational Electric Vehicle Infrastructure Formula Program Fiscal Year 2022September 2022Completes first round of funding for the $5 billion program, approving plans to commit $615 million in funding to US states, DC and Puerto Rico - which is expected to cover 75,820 miles of EV charging corridors 
California2022-2023 Investment PlanDecember 2022California Energy Commission (CEC) announced $2.9 billion investment plan to support deployment of EV charging and hydrogen fueling stations. This fund will be sufficient to install 90,000 EV chargers in California, more than double 80,000 chargers installed today. With additional funding from utilities and other programs, it will support the state’s goal to deploy 250,000 chargers by 2025. 
GermanyCharging Infrastructure Master Plan II January 2023Cabinet approves the plan. The €6.3 billion plan targets deployment of 1 million charging stations by 2030, up from around 70,000 at present. It also plans to charging gaps in rural areas, buildings, and heavy-duty vehicles, as well as grid load management, accelerating state approval process for charging deployment and mobilizing private investment.
IndiaGuidelines and Standards for Charging InfrastructureFebruary 2023The Ministry of Power revised 2018 guidelines to support accelerated deployment of EVs and ensure affordable charging for small entrepreneurs, prepare electrical distribution systems and details of requirement for public charging for long-haul HDVs. 
IndiaFAME Phase II funding for 7432 public fast charging stations  February 2023The Union Minister of Heavy Industries announced Rs. 800 crores in funding to deploy 7,432 public fast-charging stations with a capacity of 50 kW or above across the country by March 2024, up from 6,586 charging stations installed today. Up to 80% of upstream infrastructure costs will be covered by the new scheme.  
United StatesMade-in-America National Network of Electric Vehicle ChargersFebruary 2023Department of Transportation (DOT) and Department of Energy (DOE) finalized standards for EV charging for everyone. All EV chargers must be built in the US to be eligible for Infrastructure Law funding, and by July 2024, and at least 55% of the cost of all components need to be manufactured domestically. DOE announced $7.4 million in funding to seven projects for medium- and heavy-duty EV charging and hydrogen corridor infrastructure. FHWA released details for Charging and Fueling Infrastructure (CFI) discretionary grant program, which will grant $2.5 billion over the next five years. 
European UnionAlternative Fuel Infrastructure RegulationMarch 2023The EU Commission, the European Parliament, and the Council of the European Union agreed on a compromise for the AFIR, which was initially proposed in 2021. It sets for the first time a legally binding national and EU-wide target for the deployment of public charging infrastructure for LDVs and HDVs. For passenger cars and vans, EU member states need to deploy fast-charging stations at least every 60 km in core roads by 2025. For trucks and buses, fast charging stations needs to be deployed at least every 120 km by 2025, growing to 100% by 2030. 
European UnionAlternative Fuels Infrastructure Regulation July 2023The EU Council formally adopted the AFIR, a part of the EU's Fit for 55 package to reduce net GHG emissions by at least 55% by 2030. The new regulation will be published in the EU Official Journal after the summer. For passenger cars and vans, the EU member states will be required to install fast charging stations every 60 km along the EU's main transport corridors of the Trans-European Transport Network (TEN-T) from 2025. For trucks and buses, 15% of the TEN-T needs to be equipped with fast charging stations every 120 km by 2025, growing to 50% by 2027 and 100% by 2030. 
European Union & United StatesJoint Statement EU-US Trade and Technology Council May 2023This statement includes a shared vision on a standard for charging electric heavy-duty vehicles and technical guidance for public-funded EV charging infrastructure deployment. Both parties agree to work towards compatible physical connectors and a common vehicle-to-grid communication interface. 
North AmericaSociety of Automotive Engineered standard for NACS Connectors June 2023The North America Charging Standard (NACS), developed by Tesla and made public in late 2022, has been adopted by an increasing number of automakers and charging station operators. As a result, the Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) International has decided to standardize this connector. There are now three main types of DC Fast charging standards in the world: CCS-2 in Europe, NACS in the United States (formerly called Tesla charger), and GB/T in China. 
CaliforniaSB233- Electric vehicles and electric vehicle supply equipment: bidirection capability  May 2023All new electric vehicles sold in California will be required to be capable of bidirectional charging starting from 2027 unless exempted by the state board.
United Kingdom£380.8 million funding to Local Electric Vehicle Infrastructure Fund (LEVI) March 2023LEVI funding will support local authorities to accelerate the rollout of charging infrastructure in areas where it is most needed. A further £343 million Capital Fund targets areas with lower public charging and limited off-street parking options.  Another £37.8 million Capability Fund will be available to help local governments to plan and deliver charging infrastructure.  
United StatesBiden-Harris Administration Driving Forward on Convenient, Reliable, Made-in-American National Network of Electric Vehicle ChargersJune, 2023The North America Charging Standard (NACS), developed by Tesla and made public in late 2022, has been adopted by an increasing number of automakers and charging station operators. As a result, the Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) International has decided to standardize this connector. The Biden administration then released a press statement allowing federally funded fast chargers to include NACS connectors (in addition to CCS). 
GermanyCharging Infrastructure II Master PlanJune, 2023German Federal Minister of Digital and Transport announced the start of 2 programs. The first one dedicates €500M to the promotion of self-electricity power supply when charging in private residential buildings through the combined promotion of charging station, photovoltaic systems, and storage. The second one totals €400M and targets fast charging infrastructure and their connection to the grid. 
EUThe Alternative Fuel Infrastructure RegulationSeptember, 2023The Alternative Fuel Infrastructure Regulation (AFIR) was published in the official EU journal on September 13th, 2023. This regulation will apply from April 13th , 2024. It sets the stage for basic EU public charging infrastructure coverage for both light and heavy-duty vehicles. Beyond that, it includes requirements on user-friendliness and asks Member States to share national charging infrastructure strategies by the end of 2024 and report on its implementation every two years starting in 2027. 
United KingdomNew Laws to Make Charging an Electric Vehicle Easier and Quicker October, 2023The government released a set of laws on public charge point reliability. It includes uptime, price transparency, payment methods requirements, and mandatory live status updates. This regulation is key to ensure seamless EV travel within the UK, thus convincing drivers to make the switch to an electric vehicle. 
FranceDeployment of Charging Stations on the way to 2030October, 2023The government has set the goal of 7 million chargers in 2030, including 400k public ones with 50k DC chargers. To this end, it unveiled new measures to deploy charging stations on October 27th, with an additional €200 million over the period 2024-2027 – on top of the €320 million already allocated for 2016-2023.
CanadaProvisions for charging deployment in Electric Vehicle Availability StandardDecember, 2023The new standard requires auto manufacturers to meet annual ZEV sales targets, starting with at least 20% of new LDV sales to be ZEVs in 2026 and 100% in 2035. Automakers can earn credits through charging infrastructure deployment with the new regulated ZEV targets. Chargers must be installed from January 2024 to December 2027 in a publicly available space with equal pricing for all ZEVs and stay operational for at least five years after installation.
EUProvisions for private charging requirements under the Energy Performance of Buildings Directive (EPBD)December, 2023European Commission, the Council, and the Parliament agreed on the Energy Performance Building Directive, which includes requirements for private charging infrastructure deployment at residential and non-residential buildings. These requirements include ensuring the “right to plug” and pre-cabling become a norm for new buildings and those undergoing renovation. 
CaliforniaFederal grant for EV Charging ReliabilityJanuary, 2024Caltrans received over $63 million in federal funds to install over 1,000 charge points across its 300 sites. The funding will come from the Electric Vehicle Charger Reliability and Accessibility Accelerator program, part of the Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act, which will support the rollout of public charging infrastructure throughout the state. 
United KingdomNew Charging Infrastructure Measures to Support Plan for DriversFebruary, 2024These measures support recent user-friendliness laws, which mandate that prices at public charge points are transparent, easy to compare, and have contactless payment options. With the new grants, the government targets installing charging infrastructure at educational institutions and five local authorities to ensure reliable access to public charging. The schools will receive up to 75% of the upfront cost and installation of charge points, capped at £2,500 per socket. The Local Electric Vehicle Infrastructure Fund has committed £14.2 million to 3 local authorities from East Sussex to North Yorkshire and 2 London boroughs with the goal of extending the rollout to a broader area of the country.

Source: Compiled by ICCT research