Phase-out targets: Buses

The map displays official phase-out targets set by national and sub-national governments to end the sale, registration, or procurement of medium- and heavy-duty internal combustion engine (ICE) buses. Target dates are indicated by color. We update these maps quarterly. (Current status: March 2022)

As of March 2022, ten governments have set an official target for 100% ICE bus phase-outs, by 2035 for new bus sales, and in some cases by 2050 for the entirety of the fleet.

Hover over a map region to see a tooltip with details. For more information, click on the region to view the relevant policy document. Static versions of the maps are available for download below. Color coding may differ between the interactive map and the PDF map.

Policy namePolicy typePolicy statusRegulation summaryPublication year
California Advanced Clean Fleets (ACF) RegulationZEV fleet ruleProposed50% ZEV share of HDV sales for public fleets by 2024 and 100% by 2027; 100% ZEV share of drayage truck stock by 2035; 100% ZEV share of high priority private and federal fleet stock by 2035–2042; 100% ZEV share of HDV sales across all segments by 2040.2022
California Executive Order N-79-20Phaseout goalAdopted100% ZEV share of drayage truck stock and 100% ZEV share of LDV sales by 2035; 100% ZEV share of HDV operations where feasible by 20452020
California Innovative Clean Transit (ICT) regulationZEV fleet ruleIn force100% ZEV share of transit bus stock by 2040; 100% ZEV share of transit bus sales by 2029; Large transit agencies: 25% ZEV share of transit bus sales by 2023 and 50% by 2026; Small transit agencies: 25% ZEV share of transit bus sales by 2026.2019
New York Assembly Bill A4302Phaseout goalAdopted100% ZEV share of LDV sales by 2035; 100% ZEV share of HDV operations where feasible by 20452021
US Multistate NESCAUM MOUPhaseout goalProposed30% ZEV share of HDV sales by 2030 and 100% by 2050. Applicable to: California, Colorado, Connecticut, Hawaii, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Jersey, New York, Nevada, North Carolina, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Quebec, Rhode Island, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, and the District of Columbia2022
Chile National Electromobility StrategyPhaseout goalProposed100% ZEV share of LDV and public transit bus sales by 20352021
Colombia Bill No. 1964 to promote electric vehiclesZEV fleet ruleIn force100% ZEV share of public transit bus sales by 2035; 10% by 2025; 20% by 2027; 40% by 2029; 60% by 2031; 80% by 20332019
Costa Rica National Decarbonization PlanPhaseout goalProposed100% ZEV share of LDV sales, 60% ZEV share of LDV stock, and 100% ZEV share of bus and taxi stock by 2050; 25% ZEV share of LDV stock and 70% ZEV share of bus and taxi stock by 20352019
Mexico National Electromobility StrategyPhaseout goalProposed100% EV share of all vehicle sales by 2050; 5% by 2030, 50% by 20402021
Austria Mobility Master PlanPhaseout goalProposed100% EV share of: LDV sales by 2030, bus sales by 2032, MDT sales by 2030, and HDT sales by 20352021
Denmark Climate and Air PlanPhaseout goalProposed100% ZEV share of public transit bus sales by 2025 and stock by 2030; 100% EV share of PC sales by 2030; 100% ZEV share of LDV sales by 20352018
European Union Clean Vehicles DirectiveZEV fleet ruleIn forceEV public procurement targets are differentiated by member state: 17.6% to 38.5% EV share of LDV sales by 2025; 6% to 10% ZEV share of MDT and HDV sales by 2025 and 7% to 15% by 2030; 24% to 45% ZEV share of bus sales by 2025 and 33% to 65% by 2030.2019
Hungary National Energy Strategy 2030Phaseout goalProposed1,290 ZEV public transit bus stock by 2029; 100% sales from 20222021
Italy Integrated National Energy and Climate PlanPhaseout goalProposed85% EV share of government LDV and HDV sales by 2030; 30% by 2022 and 50% by 20252019
Netherlands Mission Zero Phaseout goalProposed100% ZEV share of public transit bus sales by 2025; 100% stock by 20302019
Poland Energy Policy Until 2040Phaseout goalProposed100% ZEV share of public transit bus sales by 2030
Norway National Transport Plan 2022-2033Phaseout goalProposed100% ZEV share of LDV sales and 75% ZEV and biogas share of public transit bus sales by 2025; 75% ZEV share of coach bus sales and 50% ZEV share of MDT and HDT sales by 20302021
United Kingdom A New Road Vehicle CO2 Emissions Regulatory
Framework
Phaseout goalAdopted100% ZEV share of HDV sales by 20402021
Cabo Verde Electric Mobility Policy Charter Phaseout goalProposed100% EV sales share for government vehicles by 2025, taxis by 2030, and private PCs and HDVs by 2035. Sets interim EV sales share targets for 2025 and 2030 and a target of 100% EV stock by 2050.2019
Israel Public Bus Purchase SchemeZEV fleet ruleAdopted100% ZEV share of public transit bus sales by 2026; 30% by 2024, 50% by 20252022
China National Development and Reform Commission of the Ministry of Transport on Issuing the Action Plan for Creating Green Travel (Green Mobility Action Plan)ZEV fleet ruleProposed50% ZEV share of public transit bus stock by 2022; 80% sales by 20202020
China New Energy Vehicle Industry Development Plan (2021-2035)Phaseout goalProposed20% EV share of all vehicle sales by 20252020
Hainan’s Clean Energy Vehicle Development Plan Phaseout goalProposed100% ZEV share of: taxi stock by 2020, coach bus sales by 2024, public transit bus sales by 2025, ridesharing/rental cars/LCV stock by 2030, and private car sales by 2030; 50% ZEV share of sanitation truck sales by 20302019
Delhi Electric Vehicles Policy 2020Phaseout goalProposed25% ZEV share of all vehicle sales by 20242020
Pakistan National Electric Vehicles Policy Phaseout goalProposed90% EV share of all vehicle sales by 20402019
Singapore Land Transport Master PlanPhaseout goalProposed100% EV share of public transit bus and taxi stock by 20402019
New Zealand Public Transport DecarbonizationZEV fleet ruleProposed100% ZEV share of public transit bus sales by 2025 and stock by 20352021
Global HDV MOUPhaseout goalProposed30% share of ZEV HDV sales by 2030 and 100% by 2040. Signed by the following national governments: Austria, Canada, Chile, Denmark, Finland, Luxembourg, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Switzerland, Turkey, United Kingdom (including Scotland and Wales separately), Uruguay2021